By CD McLean (Berkeley Preparatory School)
This post is my first in a couple of years. They don’t have a login for me yet, so the top bit says Christina, but don’t blame her if you disagree with anything in the post! Blame me (CD McLean). I was in a bit of a quandary about what to write in my first back to blogging post. What would be the most interesting subject? What would capture AISL librarians’ attention? I thought about doing one on collaboration as I have a big collaboration project coming up with our new personal librarian program kicking off in the upper school this school year. Then I thought, why not go topical? Perhaps an entry on plagiarism might be thing since we had the speech kerfuffle at the Republican National Convention; we could look at the ins and outs of plagiarism and how to examine it in the classroom. In the end though, I fell back on the tried and true for intriguing: David Wee. As most of you are whenever he posts, I was enthralled by David Wee’s post on “I HAVE NO IDEA WHAT I AM DOING…”. And I heard his call for comments and thought, “I will answer the call.” Also, I frequently stand in the middle of the library staring out at the students and think “I HAVE NO IDEA WHAT I AM DOING…” 😎
What does it mean to be “information literate?”
A good question, but I think perhaps the question needs to be “what does it mean to be information literate to librarians and to administrators and to department chairs? (And perhaps should we check those people to see if THEY are information literate?) Wesleyan University defines information literacy as “… a crucial skill in the pursuit of knowledge. It involves recognizing when information is needed and being able to efficiently locate, accurately evaluate, effectively use, and clearly communicate information in various formats.” However, the American Library Association (ALA) defines it as “… a set of abilities requiring individuals to “recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information.””
Student Looking for Book on Library Shelves (photo from wikimedia).
The difference between the two: the university librarians added the clear communication. What do you think of these two definitions? Are they enough? Is the added clear communication enough for your students? Or do you need something more?
A third definition comes from the Association of American School Librarians (AASL) and AASL has taken a more skills-based approach at the definition. Consequently, it is a bit more detailed. Their definition comes from their Standards for the 21st-Century Learner. While AASL does say that “the definition of information literacy has become more complex as resources and technologies have changed” (meaning: Hey everybody, this is tough!”), I think that the closest they come to a definition that we can use is on the right hand side of their pamphlet where they define the skills for the 21st-century learner.
Cover of the front page of AASL’s 21st-Century Learner Pamphlet (via AASL website).
Learners use skills, resources and tools to:
- Inquire, think critically, and gain knowledge.
- Draw conclusions, make informed decisions, apply knowledge to new situations, and create new knowledge.
- Share knowledge and participate ethically and productively as members of our democratic society.
- Pursue personal and aesthetic growth.
So, out of the three definitions, which one do you prefer? All in all, I like the AASL definition best. IMO, it is more comprehensive. It allows for us to teach ethics (plagiarism, copyright), that the other two definitions leave out. And I really like number 4: Pursue personal and aesthetic growth. Every year I wrack my brain for how I can help students achieve this. This year it is my goal is to create research projects that help students pursue personal and aesthetic growth. I’ll keep you posted. What are your goals for the new school year related to information literacy?
What does it mean to be “college ready?”
Short bad answer: a diploma. Real librarian answer: Well, that’s the rub, isn’t it? At several of our conferences, we have had panels of lovely college librarians tell us what they are looking for in their college freshmen. I think the part of the problem lies with us. Are we passing on the information we receive? By passing on, I mean, adding this info to our scope and sequence? Do we go back and talk with department chairs and then redesign projects? We are certainly not the only people responsible for making our graduates college ready, but I think we do bear responsibility for making them information literate and able to research at the college level. We are part of the team. We need to help our team be the best it can be and part of that responsibility is passing on information about how we can redesign or look at projects differently so that our students can be better able to succeed in college.
One group activity that we all might do is a quick survey of our own graduates and then share that information with the list (or, share it with me and I will compile it for my next post email@example.com put in the subject heading graduate survey). The end goal of the task would be to take the results and then publish them in an NAIS, AASL or another publication so that we are disseminating the information discovered. This survey is something I did with my former students. It was quick and dirty, essentially, I asked them to send me research assignments that they had been given. I also asked them to tell me whether they felt that they had been adequately prepared by the library department. I also asked about how they conducted their own research in college and what resources they used, if they felt there was something we should have taught them, but didn’t, if there was something that we did teach them that they were thankful for. On the whole, they said, we did a great job on the humanities side, but we needed more upper level science writing/research assignments because that was what they were encountering in school and they didn’t know how to do it. In particular, one graduate spoke of a free science database (the PDB) that they were using for a science research project. Because of this info, I was able to go to the Upper Division Director and ask about the state of research in the Upper Division. The library had been off the curriculum committee for two years. I think it is because of this that we have been reinstated for this coming school year. If any of you remember my talk from the Tampa conference, energetic persistence is my first game plan. If that doesn’t work, then having an elephant’s memory does. I never forget what I have asked for and I ask for it year after year until I get it.
Are colleges truly doing a good job of preparing young adults to be thoughtful and productive citizens?
IDK. I think it depends on the college and the student. If that is the mission of the school, then yes, but for the majority, no.
If no, do we continue to build PK-12 curriculum around helping students be “college ready” or do we bravely go where other schools have not?
I think this all comes back to your school’s mission statement. Ours is that we put students into the world who make a positive difference. So from a Berkeley Prep perspective, we are invested in making sure that our graduates have a solid character and service learning foundation. My school has added a director of community service and she has done amazing things with our students. Or rather, I should say, she has been able to spotlight the amazing things our students have been doing. Our Global Scholars Program is doing more community service oriented items. Even in the library, where we did fundraising in the past, we have kicked it up a notch and have embarked on a major community service learning project with middle division that we hope will connect with upper division in time. Our student library proctors are leading the charge on this effort and will be mentors to the 8th graders.
How much of my collection should be eBooks vs. print vs. databases vs. audiobooks?
OMGosh. I have nightmares about this question. I also have tours that come through the library with tour guides who say, “One day print…” you know how that sentence ends! We will be renovating our library in the Spring and it will be all packed up and we will be completely electronic for at least five months, perhaps more. So, we are facing this question of purchasing more databases for this year to use. The question being, what if we like them? Do we keep them? What does that do to my budget?
A very tiny survey of Battle of the Books students from several Bay area schools showed that the majority of them preferred print books to electronic or audio, but we are still putting our money on Overdrive and audiobooks. I think this is a “If you have them, they will use them” situation. Our entire collection isn’t electronic, but it’s a slow slide.
What platforms should I use to host my eBooks and audiobooks?
IMO whatever works for your situation. Currently, we use Overdrive for fiction and audiobooks because they have a consortium price that is amazing; they have collections for both lower and middle and upper; and when we did the original research, we liked them best. So, most of our kids are trained on this device. Our public libraries use this platform as well.
How many eBook and audiobook platforms is too many?
I was going to say not more than one. But then I realized that we have Overdrive for fiction and for reference eBooks, we have Gale, Ebsco, and so on and so on. We also have ACLS Humanities Ebooks, which is a completely separate platform and we have onesies out in the Destiny collection from other sources. So, in an effort not to be a hypocrite, you should have lots!
Should I have my own “library research process” like Big6 or ISP or should we be aiming to contextualize library skills/concepts/tasks into a broader framework like Design Thinking?
Please let me know on this one. We don’t have my own library research process. But we are working with history to come up with one that is similar to Guided Inquiry for this year so that we can have a process that follows our scope and sequence. Lower Division has committed to Guided Inquiry. I feel like Guided Inquiry is the closest one that will allow me to design projects that achieve that #4 skill AASL talks about (see above definition).
Is it okay to rip the DVD of our legal copy of Supersize Me so students can view it within Vialogues on our Moodle site? Guidelines don’t count. I want someone to tell me yes or no and if they’re wrong, they get fired or sued instead of me.
Look. If people can’t even tell if there is one monkey making three faces or three monkeys making one face, then how can we really know the answer to anything? 42. Either way, I’m not going to answer that question or David’s.
Is the return on investment for EBSCO Discovery worth it by measurably getting many more student eyeballs on my expensive database content or is it still a not-quite-ready-for-prime-time thing that everybody is excited about and signing on for until two years from now when we’ll all want to move on to something else that is still not-quite-ready-for-prime-time?
We aren’t going there…bleeding edge and all that…
I know library research skills are necessary and important for students’ future success, but how do I get teachers to believe what I believe?
Energetic persistence and an elephant’s memory (“Why, Martha, are you still doing that luau project in March? I have just the thing for you! If you come by tomorrow, when I have your favorite snack in my office, we can chat about it.”)
Why do we have to change libraries into “Learning Commons” rather just calling them libraries and adding/evolving the functionality and work that happens within a “library?” (Modern hospitals seem to still be called “hospitals” without the messy historical baggage associated with the fact that physicians used to use leeches to suck blood from sick people. Things change, people, move on!).
I’m a librarian and I work in a library. End of story.
Is coffee bad for me or is it good? What about salt? Butter? I’m a librarian. If I can’t figure out what to eat or not eat, how am I supposed to teach students in a health class what sources of information are to be believed?
Coffee good. Coffee with chicory, better! I’ll stop there. And I want coffee in the LIBRARY…;-)
MLA 8 has landed. Should I stay with MLA 7 for this year or make the jump in August?
Now you might look at my comment on bleeding edge and have bet that I would arguing sticking with MLA 7 for this year. You would be wrong. MLA 8 is out. The books are out. Whether the English department likes it or not, MLA 8 is here to stay. One way that you can make yourself indispensable to your English department is to point out that you and your library staff has MLA 8 books and are all trained on MLA 8. Additionally, you would be OVERJOYED to give them all a brief primer on how to teach the new MLA 8 style to their students. MLA 8 is not bleeding edge, it is concrete, here to stay, in your face, deal with it, change. Be the happy, helpful librarian that those overwhelmed teachers need to help them deal with that one more thing they didn’t want to learn!
Easybib Schools got murdered. Easybib Scholar didn’t look worth the cost difference for my school needs so we planned to migrate to NoodleTools, but now Easybibwhatever it is called now is, supposedly, free. Go or stay?
I am biased. We have been a Noodletools house for 14 years. In those 14 years we have had exceptional service and service that has grown from not just a works cited generator, but a research platform for students. I have gone from one or two history teachers, to a committed history department. It connects with Google docs, allows for notecards, outlines and also allows for all of those to be printed as well. Everything is electronic, paperless and allows for teachers to grade online, at the bank while waiting in line for a teller (which my US History teacher tells me he does). Photos can be saved, colors can be used, everything can be moved around and shifted according to the neatness or messiness of your process. We happen to love it. We have complaints at the beginning of the process from those complainer kids, but when it comes to the end and they put their notecards together and they see what they have and realize that their paper is all there, they are converts. Amazing converts. My answer is go. We love it. And it will be updated to MLA 8.
What am I not doing that I should be doing? I don’t know what I don’t know…
You are way ahead of the game, Mr. Wee. Because you are a seeker of knowledge, you may be in the 13.5% of people who are early adopters or you may be in the early majority, two key early adopter groups from the bell curve for the adoption of technology chart that explains the innovation adoption lifecycle. Or we could look at the more humorous and more likely scenario of the Pencil Metaphor put out by Australian teachers.
The Pencil Metaphor: I believe Mr. Wee is one of the Sharp Ones.